Last updated: 16 January 2010
Subject: MEADE #825 VIEWFINDER CROSSHAIRS - REPAIR REPORT Sent: Friday, January 15, 2010 23:43:59 From: Rodger Jones (email@example.com) I damaged the cross hairs in my Meade 8x25 finder scope a couple years ago trying to clean it. Doh! Now that I have a reflex sight, I thought I would "go for broke" and try to repair the finder myself as I have not been able to find a replacement. I found the article from Nohr Tillman on your site (below). It was VERY helpful. You prevented my "exloratory surgery" from becoming a mess. I thought I would pass on another source for very thin wire: Headphones. I knew that speakers used very thin coil wire and I assumed headphone wire would be even thinner. I had some old headphones...freebies from an airline flight..and broke open one side, removed the magnet and found a coil of wire. From what I can tell, looking under a magnifier, the wire is actually *thinner* than the original cross hair wire. I presume wire thickness would vary from headphone set to set headphone. Thanks again for maintaining this site and posting these great articles. Thanks to Nohr for passing on the technique. Rodger Jones Tomball, Texas, USAMike here: I recently replaced the crosshairs on my Meade 8x50 finderscope that is on my 8" LX200-ACF. You can read my report and what I used for crosshairs on my Cassiopeia Observatory web site.
Sent: Tuesday, April 14, 2009 16:39:06 From: Nohr Tillman (firstname.lastname@example.org) Summary: My attempt at a fix to the #825 right angle viewfinder crosshairs, damaged while cleaning the old glue off the helicoid focuser to epoxy it back together. Preface: This might help some folks who A) still use an optical finderscope and B) have been unfortunate to have theirs come apart for any reason.. It seemed a shame to throw the rest of the optics away and get another just because the crosshair ring got damaged so I thought it worth the repair attempt. I would assess that this job requires precision tools, strong light and the skill and patience to tie fishing flys. Otherwise, one is just going to get frustrated. Crosshairs for the #825 viewfinder are fine wires stretched across a ring and glued in place. As such, any touch with anything will knock them un-straight. Straightening the originals is futile, so replacement is required. Since the helicoid mechanism is detached from the mirror housing (it fell apart right?), the ring that used to hold the crosshair wires can be unscrewed and removed. I used a hobby knife to clean out the groove where the wires were glued, then cleaned it up with isopropyl or denatured alcohol. Replacement wire was single strands of electrical wire from a sacrificial battery compartment wire (not the ETX, but very similar). The trick to obtaining a straight line with the wires is tension until you glue them in place. I had hobby-store electronic soldering heat-sink clamps that held the wire well, and weighted them down with common drift punches. Once everything was stable and in place, it was time for glue. A two-part, household 6-minute set epoxy was used in this experiment, and seems to hold well. (I "practiced" redoing each about five times to get the technique right.) Only one axis at a time can be done with my economy setup. I let the whole thing rest for a few hours before trimming the excess wire off with a hobby knife at the threads of the ring. The picture shows the fifth (and last, I hope) attempt just after gluing. I'll guarantee I'm not the first to have strung wires for crosshairs, but thought the setup might be fun to share. (How whacked am I for trying this at home?) Nohr Tillman Troy, MI, USA, Earth
From: P. Clay Sherrod (email@example.com) Thanks for sending..... I have a couple of comments: 1) The wires that you used....are they obviously larger than the original cross-hairs that were in the finder? Most folks find that replacing the crosshairs typically leads to a lack of material to provide fine enough hairs to make the crosshairs not take up a great part of the finder field. 2) Your comment about those who still use an optical finderscope: by all means, I consider the BEST finder a small optical finder. There is simply no substitute: not the LNT, not a red dot, no TelRad or any fancy gadget. A finder is just that: a scope to find things to center it up in the telescope. I am glad that you took the time to repair yours and get it right. Congrats and thanks for sharing. Dr. Clay _____ Arkansas Sky Observatories MPC H45 - Petit Jean Mountain South MPC H41 - Petit Jean Mountain MPC H43 - Conway West http://www.arksky.org/
Thanks for your much appreciated comments. The wires I chose, were the best I could think of at the time. It seemed like the small-gage electronic stranded wire (22ga?) would be an appropriate size. I had trashed the original wires so bad, it was hard to tell if they were significantly bigger. One difference that makes them appear larger is the color. Originals were bare copper, these are tinned with solder I think, making them silver. In hind-sight, the wire of the windings of a very small electric motor might be better. I didn't have one of those laying around or I would have tried that instead. I still may have to if these turn out to be too large in the field of view. It just made sense to try this first before getting a new one (with dried out glue that also could fall apart...) I've felt the original crosshairs could be finer, but I've always adjusted these to put the point-source of light in one of the quadrants, instead of right on the cross. This usually got me in the 9mm illuminated recticle eyepiece FOV (the one I use for initial set-up and align). In all fairness, the original crosshair wires covered up stars and planets anyway. RE Optical finderscope: Glad I'm not alone in my belief in the optical finders. Looking at all the newer scopes, it seemed like the electronic laser-pointer-red-dot-thingys were the thing to have. I felt a bit outdated using just a right angle crosshair instrument. But for me, it's perfect: the orientation is the same as with the eyepiece view for the ETX, when you push the button to go right its FOV moves right (I have the L-R controller buttons flipped) just like the eyepiece FOV, and it's right next to the eyepiece so it's a simple thing to switch between the two. In short, it's a low-power ETX to get the view in the ballpark, exactly what's required. Ok, so I've made a sales pitch... I'll let you know the final result when I get the assembly glued back together. I have an un-molested #825 on the ETX-90 that I can do a side-by-side with. And Michigan gets three clear nights this week!!! Nohr Tillman
A "long time ago" when I started in astronomy it was still common practice, and somewhat revered in tradition, to use nothing but silk spider webs for crosshairs....incredibly thin and very uniform. Since a spider's web is essentially a cylinder, rather than a flat surface, it is much easier for the eye to fix on the crosshair as well as the distant object focused beyond....hence the reason that all of the top gun sights (Mike is the expert here....) in aircraft and artillery used to require a spider thread only for the precise crosshair. Once laser engraving came into its own and demonstrated far greater accuracy, precision and particularly permanence, engraved sight optical disks were inserted into the optical path of sighting scopes, replacing the old standard. In addition, some industries became quite proficient at stretching glue or resin/sap into a fine linear string across a reticle ring and attaching to the other side, simulating the thinness and precise thickness of a spider strand. Dr. ClayMike here: I remember a riflescope we had when I was a kid. It had a spider web thread. I believe the gunsight in my A-7D jet fighter (circa 1970s) was etched into the glass.
And an update:
Ok, the 22 gage single strand of wire didn't work out so well. Comparing with the OEM finder, the size was a bit bigger, close but... The focus on the crosshair wires was not good. Couldn't get the ring just right in it's threads to get them sharp. So I pulled apart the OEM one to compare... OEM is on the right in the pic. It looks like very fine copper wire from small motor windings I've seen before (like the old slot-car motor, which I still have a couple of). There's got to be a light diffraction formula that I'm missing because Meade assembly line techniques can't luck out enough to get wire to focus this good. I like the spider silk idea, and I have plenty here. I would love to brag about having a "top gun" sight mounted on the ETX! I also looked around at the stray dog hair I have floating around...hmmm. Might even sacrifice one of my own hairs to experiment. Maybe the slot car motor spare to sacrifice next. Sure have learned a lot about this $45 finder and its construction in all of this. Boy do "they" like greasing the heck out of everything! More to come, thanks for playing! Nohr Tillman Troy, MI, USA, Earth
And the "final" word:
Final results in this saga. Think I've landed on the best solution I can come up with. Be sure to wear safety goggles ;-) The single strand of electronic wire (0.0062 inch dia) did end up being too large. There are tiny grooves in the ring where the crosshair is glued and the wire was not seating completely. Thus my crosshair focus problem. Next I tried motor-winding wire, or magnet wire (0.0045 inch dia), from an old slot car I had. I'm thinking small electronics transformer wire would work as well. This was fine enough to seat in the groove, but still seemed too large. The last material I had on hand to make crosshairs was, well, hair. The thinnest strands of hair from a camel-hair detailing brush were used in the photo attached. Here, tension is applied with the heat-sink clamps, then epoxy applied carefully with a toothpick, which I've gotten much practice doing. I did one and tested in the eyepiece cell first to comfirm it was good. Only slightly bigger than what Meade installs, and close enough. For anyone wanting to re-glue their #825 eyepiece, and to avoid damaging the reticle crosshairs in the first place, I offer this advice: remove the moving lens "cell" from the helicoid mechanism. Take off the rubber eyecup, then work the rubber focus grip from the rotating ring. This will expose the circular ramp, and the retaining screw that moves the lens cell. Once removed, you are left with just the rotating ring assembly which can now be degreased and cleaned for re-assembly. Once cleaned up, reassemble the lens cell into the focusing ring before gluing back on the finder scope. This allows proper alignment of the crosshairs during assembly. Nohr Tillman Troy, MI, USA, Earth
I finally claim success on fixing the Meade #825 finderscope. I re-summarized our correspondance to save you some editing, Mike (I hope). My Meade #825 findersope eyepiece had come apart from the right angle mirror housing. First attempt to clean for regluing resulted in snagging the crosshairs, making them not usable. Removing the moving eyepiece "cell" from the focusing mechanism was the most helpful from here on out and recommended before any cleaning operation: Removing the eyecup, then the rubber grip ring will reveal a slider screw which runs on a ramp to perform the focus motion. Removing the screw with a small screwdriver will free the cell. Once the cell is out, the crosshair ring can be removed from the cell (using whichever spanner tools you are comfortable with) and cleaned with a hobby knife. Experiments resulted in: A) single strand of 24 ga wire -0.0062 inch dia- too thick to seat in the grooves B) single strand of 37 ga motor/magnet winding wire -0.0045 inch dia- will seat in the grooves, but still bigger than OEM, and C) thinnest strand of camel-hair detail brush was very close to OEM and the final material. Sorry, didn't have any Brown Recluse silk threads at hand. Pictures show the final re-assembly of the cross hair. Two soldering-aid heat-sink clamps were used to handle and stretch the hairs in place. Common mechanics punches were used to weight the clamps (be sure to use safety goggles). While tensioned, a two-part 6-minute set epoxy was mixed and applied carefully with a toothpick. Overnight curing time was allowed before handling. The assembly was cleaned and screwed back together. The focusing mechanism was glued back on the mirror assembly and the axis aligned before the epoxy set firm. Resulting through-the-lens picture with a HP Photosmart camera is attached. I think the effort was worth saving the finderscope. Nohr Tillman Troy, MI, USA, Earth
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